Just so you know, hemp seeds also contain a little bit of the ever important myelin that keeps us running!Myelin is a protective covering or sheath that twists around nerves (neurons), including nerves in the brain. Myelin is made of 70% fat and 30% protein. It wraps around nerves and enables them to communicate effectively with each other. Information is passed through nerves in an electrical signal called an action potential.The rate at which information can be transferred depends on the both the active and passive flow of electrical current.
Myelin insulates the nerves and prevents electrical current from leaking out of the axon (an axon is a nerve fiber that carries the action potential from a nerve body to a target). This increases the speed of the action potential by over 10 fold. Unmyelinated axon conduction velocities range from 0.5 to 10 m/s, while myelinated axons can reach a speed up to 150 m/s.. increase in speed in myelinated nerves is due to gaps in the myelin insulation called Nodes of Ranvier, though it sounds more like a video game title.
Action potentials basically ‘jump’ from one node to the next which increases their speed dramatically. If myelin is damaged, the brain begins to lose function due to the slow speed of nerves. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is one common disorder resulting from damaged myelin. This chronic disorder attacks nerve myelin in the brain, spine and eyes. It can result in loss of vision, paralysis, balance problems, cognitive dysfunction, chronic pain and other symptoms.
Oleic acid doesn’t just help synthesize myelin; it can also be used as a cell signaling molecule. Notable, oleic acid regulates cholesterol and lipogenesis (making fat) in the brain of rats. Another animal study reported that a diet high in monounsaturated fats (including oleic acid) reduces age-related changes in the brain’s mitochondria.